As White House Releases Budget, Congress Sets Spending Priorities

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House Budget Committee staffers delivered President Trump’s Financial Year 2019 Budget to the Capitol on Monday.

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Eric Thayer for The New York Times

WASHINGTON — President Trump on Monday will present a budget blueprint that proposes deep cuts to domestic programs and a large increase for the military, but which has little relevance following the sweeping two-year spending plan approved last week that contained big boosts across the board.

Mr. Trump, who once proclaimed himself the “king of debt,” plans to call for $200 billion over the next decade in new spending to improve the nation’s crumbling infrastructure, according to White House officials who said it would be paid with cuts elsewhere in the budget. The plan will contain increases for what Mr. Trump’s advisers call a “ready, larger, and more lethal military,” as well as $23 billion for border security and immigration enforcement.

Administration officials said the budget plan would include measures to trim the deficit by $3 trillion over the next decade, though it was not clear how or whether Mr. Trump would seek to eliminate the shortfall altogether. The budget deal he signed last week, which includes increases in disaster aid and military spending, requires additional borrowing by the government, swelling annual deficits in the short term.

Presidential budgets are little more than vision statements even under normal circumstances, given that Congress controls the federal purse strings and may disregard the wishes of whomever is sitting in the Oval Office.

That is even more true this year, after congressional leaders in both parties essentially went around Mr. Trump to strike their own budget deal that bore little resemblance to the one he was drawing up. Lawmakers spread federal dollars around in the kind of legislative horse trading that the president has often decried as a symptom of “the swamp.”

In a short statement previewing Mr. Trump’s plan, administration officials on Sunday highlighted several areas where the president was proposing more spending. It included a request for $85.5 billion in discretionary funding for veterans’ medical care and $13 billion in new spending to tackle opioid abuse through prevention, treatment and recovery support services as well as mental health programs. The officials did not specify any areas that would be cut.

“As a nation, we face difficult times — challenged by a crumbling infrastructure, growing deficits, rogue nations, and irresponsible Washington spending,” Mick Mulvaney, the director of the Office of Management and Budget, said in a statement.

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